bioLogicLining Yao, Wen Wang, Guanyun Wang, Helene Steiner, Chin-Yi Cheng, Jifei Ou, Oksana Anilionyte, Hiroshi Ishii / 2015
bioLogic is growing living actuators and synthesizing responsive bio-skin in the era where bio is the new interface. We are Imagining a world where actuators and sensors can be grown rather than manufactured, being derived from nature as opposed to engineered in factories.
2016 Platinum A’ Design Award for Textile, Fabric, Textures, Patterns and Cloth Design Category;
2016 Golden A’ Design Award for Wearable Technologies Design Category;
2016 Silver A’ Design Award for Fashion, Apparel and Garment Design Category.
A millennium ago, a Japanese samurai’s quest into battle took an unexpected turn. An abrupt attack in the midst of an evening meal led to a surprising culinary discovery. What was found on his journey was a previously undiscovered bacteria, Bacillus Subtilis natto. The microorganism lived inside dry rice stalks, which were woven into bags to carry soybeans in that age. Ever since this coincidental unearthing, the mysterious bacteria has become an established fermentation tool for the preparation of nattō, a soybean-based dish in Japan.
A thousand years into the future, a new behavior of the ancient bacteria has been unearthed: the expansion and contraction of the natto cells relative to atmospheric moisture. Enchanted by this phenomenon, a quest into the redefinition of actuation has become the ambition of the bioLogic team.
bioLogic seeks a harmonious perspective, where biological and engineering approaches flow in sync. These animate cells are harvested in a bio lab, assembled by a micron-resolution bio-printing system, and transformed into responsive fashion, a “Second Skin”. We can now observe the self-transforming biological skin activated by living bacteria. The synthetic bio-skin reacts to body heat and sweat, causing flaps around heat zones to open, enabling sweat to evaporate and cool down the body through an organic material flux. In collaboration with New Balance, bioLogic is bringing what once may have lived in the realm of fantasies into the world of sportswear.
bioLogic is the latest instance of Tangible Media Group’s Radical Atoms vision.
Tangible Media Group at MIT Media Lab is leading the project in collaboration with MIT Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Royal College of Art and New Balance. The team members come from diverse backgrounds including design, art, science and engineering.
Lining Yao, concept creation, interaction design and fabrication, MIT Media Lab. Email
Wen Wang, biotechnology and material science, MIT Dept. of Chemical Engineering. Email
Guanyun Wang, industrial design and fabrication, MIT Media Lab/Zhejiang University. Email
Helene Steiner, interaction design, MIT Media Lab/Royal College of Art Email
Chin-Yi Cheng, computational design and simulation, MIT Architecture Email
Jifei Ou, concept design and fabrication, MIT Media Lab. Email
Oksana Anilionyte, fashion design, MIT Media Lab/Royal College of Art Email
Prof. Hiroshi Ishii, direction, Tangible Media Group, MIT Media Lab Email
Supporting fashion concept developer / trend forecaster
Alana Solá, Fashion Designer. Email
Council for the Arts at MIT
Dubai Design Week 2015
Prof. Ozgur Sahin
Prof. Rohit Karnik
Prof. Xuanhe Zhao
THE CREATION PROCESS
Beyond “Second Skin”, the bio-hybrid film can be utilized in other contexts as well: Bio-hybrid flowers blossom and wilt reversible with both shape and color changing; a living tea leaf signals through transformation when the tea is ready; or a lampshade sculpts light activated by the light bulb. Imagination unfolds the power of the tiny bacteria.
CHI 2015 Best Talk Award; CHI 2015 Best Paper Honorable Mention
Lining Yao, Jifei Ou, Chin-Yi Cheng, Helene Steiner, Wen Wang, Guanyun Wang, and Hiroshi Ishii. 2015. bioLogic: Natto Cells as Nanoactuators for Shape Changing Interfaces. In Proceedings of the 33rd Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI ‘15). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 1-10.
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© 2012 Tangible Media Group / MIT Media Lab
- bioPrint: A Liquid Deposition Printing System for Natural Actuators 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing 2015
- Harnessing the hygroscopic and biofluorescent behaviors of genetically tractable microbial cells to design biohybrid wearables Science Advances 2017
- bioLogic: Natto Cells as Nanoactuators for Shape Changing Interfaces CHI 2015